Chemistry : WBCS Exe Main Exam

Updated on: Apr 8, 2013

Paper - I

Atomic Structure : Quantum Theory, Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle Wave-Particle Duality, Schrodinger Wave Equation. Shapes Of S, P And D Orbitals.

Chemical Bonding : Characteristics Of Ionic Compounds, Lattice Energy, Born Haber Cycle, Covalent Bonding - Characteristics Of Covalent Compounds. Vb Theory - Concept Of Resonance. M O Theory (Lcao Method). M.O. Diagram Of Homo And Heteronuclear Diatomics.

Gaseous State : Equation Of State For Real Gases, Liquefaction Of Gases.

Thermodynamics : First, Second And Third Law, Entropy, Free Energy, Criteria For Equilibrium.
Electrochemistry : Debye-Huckel Theory Of Strong Electrolytes, Debye-Huckel Limiting Law, Galvanic Cells, Concentration Cells; Measurement Of Emf. Liquid Junction Potential, Lonic Equilibria. Ph And Its Measurement.

Chemical Kinetics : Differential And Integral Rate Equations For Zeroth, First, Second And Fractional Order Reactions. Determination Of Order. Consecutive, Opposing And Chain Reactions, Catalysis, General Chemistry Of D And F Block Elements. Lanthanide Contraction.

Coordination Chemistry : Werner's Theory. Stereo-Chemistry. Different Types Of Isomerism. Iupac Nomenclature. Elementary Crystal Field Theory - Explanation Of Magnetism And Electronic Spectra.

Non-Aqueous Solvents : Reactions In Liquid So2, Nh3, And Hf. Modern Theories Of Acids And Bases-Hsab Principle.

Bio-Inorganic Chemistry : Metal Ions In Biological Systems And Their Role In Ion-Transfer Across The Membranes-Ionophores, Photosynthesis-Nitrogen Fixation, Oxygen Uptake Proteins, Cytochromes, Ferredoxins.

Paper – II

Reaction Mechanism :

   1. General Methods Of Study : Use Of Isotopes, Cross-Over Experiments, Intermediate Trapping, Energy Diagrams, Thermodynamic Control And Kinetic Control Of Reactions.
   2. Reaction Intermediates : Generation, Geometry Stability And Reaction Of Carbonium Ions, Carbanions, Free Radicals, Carbenes, Benzynes And Nitrenes.
   3. Substitution Reactions : Sn1, Sn2, Sni Mechanisms, Neighbouring Group Participation, Electrophilic Substitution.
   4. Elimination Reaction : E1, E2 And E1cb Mechanism. Orientation In E2 Reaction, Saytzeff And Hoffmann Rule.
   5. Nucleophilic And Electrophilic Addition Reactions.
   6. Rearrangements : Pinacol-Pinacolone, Hoffmann, Beckmann, Bacyer-Villiger, Fries, Claiser And Wagner-Meerwein Rearrangement.

Chemistry And Mechanism Of Reactions: Aldol Condensation, Claisen Condensation, Perkin, Knoevanagel, Witting, Reimer-Tiemann, Cannizzaro Reactions, Stobbe, Benzoin And Acyloin Condensation.
Amino Acid And Proteins.


   1. Polymer Solutions And Their Thermodynamic Properties. Average Molecular Weight-Its Determination.
   2. Preparation And Properties Of Polymers, Polyethylene, Polystyrene, Pvc, Nylon, Teflon, Terylene, Polyesters, Synthetic And Natural Rubber, Inorganic Polymers-Phosphonitrilic Halides, Borazines, Silicones, Silicates.
   3. Bio-Polymers: Dna And Rna

Synthetic Uses Of Reagents: Os04, Hi04, Cr03, Pb (Oac)4, Se02, Nbs, B2h6, Liquid Nh3-Na, Ch3mgl, Lia1h4, Nabh4, N-Buli.

Environmental Chemistry :
Chemical Toxicology : Toxic Chemicals In The Environment, Biochemical Effects Of Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, Mercury, Carbon Monoxide, Nitrogen Oxides, Sulphur Dioxide, Ozone & Pan, Cyanide. Acid Rain, Smog, Radioactive Pollution, Effect Of Pesticides On Atmosphere, Industrial Waste Water Treatment.

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